Know your brain

The human brain is the most complex organ in the human body and probably the most complex creation present in this universe. A command center for the central nervous system, the brain serves human beings with ample physical and cognitive abilities. It is made up of more than 100 billion nerves that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses. Your brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves make up a complex, integrated information-processing and control system known as your central nervous system.

The Frontal Lobe

This is the lobe just above your eyes. It deals with lots of stuff, including your emotions and key motor functions. Famously, a railroad-worker named Phineas Gage had part of his frontal lobe destroyed in an accident – he survived but it left him a very changed man.

The Temporal Lobe

Below the frontal lobe you have the temporal lobe, which has a big role in memory formation and understanding language.

The Parietal Lobe

This lobe is responsible for processing information about some of the senses. For example, it is the main area related to your sense of touch and it also looks after your sense of place and body known as ‘proprioception’.

The Occipital Lobe

This lobe is all about sight. It’s here you’ll find the visual system (despite it being the furthest from the eyes).

The Cerebellum

Cerebellum (sehh-re-bellum) is actually latin for ‘little brain’. It’s apt – this small section sits just beneath the hemispheres. It’s largely concerned with motor control – if you damage it, it will affect your movement and posture.

The Brainstem

Small but important, the brainstem delivers all sorts of useful information to the brain. It connects your brain with the systems in your body. And it also plays a big role in regulating lots of things including your breathing, your heart rate and even your sleep and levels of consciousness.

Major Brain Conditions